We all know some of the most famous scientists, from Albert Einstein to Steven Hawkings. Do you know who the most prominent scientists today, though? It’s time you got to learn the world’s leading scientists responsible for changing your daily lives.
Read on to learn about 11 famous scientists and their studies that changed the world.
1. Alain Aspect
Alain Aspect made a crucial breakthrough in quantum theory, awarding him with a CSNR Gold medal. Aspect is also a member of the French Academy of Technologies and Sciences. He demonstrated the phenomenon of entanglement, which Einstein once rejected.
His research confirmed quantum entanglement and differed from Einstein’s worldview. Aspect continues his experiments, which is about understanding how everything in the world interconnects. He is also studying the localization of waves when using ultra-cold atoms.
2. Timothy Bernes-Lee
Timothy Bernes-Lee is one of the famous scientists today who invented the world wide web. Queen Elizabeth II knighted him for his pioneering work. He is popularly known for his proposal to share info by using hypertext technology, the WWW base.
Bernes-Lee made the world’s first website in 1991 about basic info on the world wide web. Sir Timothy Bernes-Lee received an Honorary Freedom of the City of London award in 2014. Now he calls on governments and firms to safeguard the world wide web from abuse since the “system is failing.”
3. David Baltimore
David Baltimore is presently a biology professor at the California Institute of Technology. He also received a Nobel Prize in 1975, along with two other scientists, Renato Dulbecco and Howard Temin. The award was for discovering the interaction between the cell’s genetic material and tumor viruses.
One of his most notable contributions is the founding of “reverse transcriptase.” His discovery is helpful for the reproduction of retroviruses such as AIDS and HIV. Baltimore is also a member of many scientific advisory boards, such as Immune Design.
4. John Craig Venter
John Venter is one of the most influential and famous scientists of today. Many credited him with creating the first cell with synthetic genomes during 2010.
Venter made a sequence of the human genome. He also transfected a cell with artificial chromosomes.
Currently, his work focuses on building synthetic biological organisms. Venter is also working on documenting the genetic diversity of the world’s oceans. His research can help make bacteria engineered do tasks, such as creating fuel.
5. Jane Goodall
Jane Goodall is popularly known as the world’s expert on chimpanzees. She spent over 55 years staying and studying chimpanzees’ behavior. She studied wild chimps on how their social and family interactions.
Goodall’s study shows that chimpanzees could learn to make and use different kinds of tools. She also learned that chimpanzees find smaller monkeys to hunt and eat. Her research made it easy to understand our closest relative in the animal kingdom.
Ashoke Sen is a famous theoretical Physicist giving field-changing research about string theory. He won many international awards, including the Fundamental Prize in Physics in 2012. His studies on S-duality and Sen Conjecture also made him more known.
Sen unraveled the structure of quantum field theory and superstring theory. He gave strong evidence of the strong-weak duality in those theories. His studies made it easier to determine the quantum properties of black holes.
7. Allen Bard
Allen Bard got awarded the National Medal of Science for his contributions to electrochemistry. He discovered the ECL, which enabled the medical community to analyze DNA and detect HIV. In 2013, President Obama awarded him with the National Medal of Science.
Many people then considered him as the “Father of Modern Electrochemistry.” Bard’s current research involves harnessing the power of sunlight producing sustainable energy. His study will be especially useful when fossil fuels run out.
8. Tu Youyou
Tu YouYou is one of the most famous scientists in her study about the anti-malaria drug. She became the first Chinese woman ever to win a Nobel Prize in 2015. YouYou’s drug saved millions of lives in Asia, Africa, and other countries.
She relied on traditional Chinese medicine to discover DHA and Artemisinin. These helped improve the health and people who lived in tropical climates. Before she isolated the ingredients, she also offered to be the first human subject for the drug.
9. Elizabeth Blackburn
Elizabeth Blackburn discovered that telomeres have a specific DNA. It can help prevent chromosomes from breaking down. She won a Nobel Prize for her progress in anti-aging research.
Her studies also focus on telomeres and how to lengthen their structure. Her research explains that these are essential for DNA replication and cell division.
Blackburn then reveals that these cellular components and roles in lessening cancer. She also explains how her discovery can help with slowing down the aging of the skin. She is currently studying the effect of stress on cells and telomeres in yeast to human beings.
10. Kenneth Chien
Kenneth Chein’s research focuses on the field of cardiovascular medicine and biotechnology. He has over 1000 citations and 132 h-indexes. His study on cardiovascular medicine led to his co-founding of Moderna Therapeutics.
Chien and his colleagues documented the effects of VEGF mRNA. It helps reverse the onset of heart dysfunction.
Their study has the potential of producing therapeutic effects in muscle cells. You can try searching up Crunchbase for more info about successful people such as Kenneth Chien.
11. Andre Constantine Geim
Geim, together with Novoselov, won a Nobel Prize for their work on graphene in 2010. Graphene is a carbon allotrope with a super-conductive form. The material is a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice made from a single layer of atoms.
Graphene has already proven to be a superior alternative to silicone. It’s known to be the thinnest material. It also the hardest and strongest non-metal material all around the world.
Most Famous Scientists of Today
Get on track by knowing the people who are changing your lives starting from the past till now. Do you already know some of these famous scientists? Well, tell us if we missed anything down in the comments below.
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