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HomeBusinessIncorporate A Business In Ontario: 5 Mistakes To Avoid

Incorporate A Business In Ontario: 5 Mistakes To Avoid

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Incorporating a business is a significant milestone in the entrepreneurial journey, providing benefits like limiting personal liability, gaining potential tax advantages, and increasing credibility in the marketplace. In Ontario, the incorporate a business process is a blend of legal, financial, and managerial tasks, each of which carries its own significance.

However, this intricate process often leaves room for errors if not approached with caution and systematic thought. In ensuring a smooth transition into incorporation, avoiding common mistakes resulting in unforeseen legal issues, financial complications, and time-consuming rectifications is essential.

Fortunately, this article identifies five common mistakes entrepreneurs often make when incorporating their businesses in Ontario and suggests strategies to circumnavigate these potential pitfalls. By understanding these mistakes, prospective business owners can streamline their incorporation process.

1. Neglecting To Perform A NUANS Search

The first mistake many entrepreneurs make when they incorporate a business in Ontario is neglecting to perform a NUANS (Newly Upgraded Automated Name Search) search.

This is a crucial step in the incorporation process because it determines whether your proposed business name is unique and not yet being used by another corporation. A NUANS search lists existing businesses and trademarks that closely resemble your proposed name, allowing you to avoid legal disputes and unnecessary rebranding.

It is essential to remember that, even after a successful NUANS search, the Ontario government may reject your proposed business name if it is considered misleading or offensive. Therefore, it is advisable to have alternative names ready and to consult a legal professional to ensure your proposed business name complies with the provincial regulations.

2. Not Understanding Share Structure

Many entrepreneurs do not fully comprehend the implications of their share structure when incorporating their businesses. This lack of understanding can result in disputes among shareholders, challenges in raising capital, and complications when selling the business.

Investing time to learn about the various types of shares and how they affect your business can prevent such issues. For example, common shares typically come with voting rights, while preferred shares often come with greater claims on dividends and assets.

In addition to understanding share types, it’s essential to understand how they can be distributed. Issuing too many shares too early can dilute ownership while issuing too few can limit your ability to attract investors or raise capital in the future. Therefore, it’s consulting with a legal advisor or a corporate lawyer is crucial to determine the optimal share structure for your business model and growth plan.

Share structure

3. Overlooking Annual Filings

Another common mistake made post-incorporation is overlooking annual filing requirements. Every Ontario corporation must file an annual return with the Canada Revenue Agency. Failing to file this return can result in penalties, additional fees, and even the dissolution of the corporation.

Staying compliant is as simple as marking important dates and ensuring annual returns are filed on time. The deadlines for filing returns depend on the corporation’s fiscal year-end, so it’s crucial to keep track of these dates.

Engaging the services of a professional or utilizing software tools can assist in tracking these deadlines. Also, consider seeking advice from a tax consultant to understand all tax implications and requirements to avoid non-compliance penalties.

4. Ignoring The Requirement Of A Registered Office

Many entrepreneurs do not realize the importance of maintaining a registered office address in Ontario. The Ontario Business Corporations Act requires that all corporations have a registered office in the province, where all formal communications and legal notices are received.

Your corporation’s registered office can be a physical location, like your place of business, or a third-party service provider. This address will be publicly accessible and must be open during regular business hours to receive official documents.

Ignoring this requirement can lead to potential compliance issues and even penalties. Therefore, securing a registered office address in Ontario at the earliest opportunity in the incorporation process is advisable.

5. Overlooking Bylaws And Shareholder Agreements

Overlooking bylaws and shareholder agreements is another common mistake business owners make during the incorporation process. Bylaws govern the operations of a corporation, while shareholder agreements manage the relations, rights, and obligations among shareholders.

Neglecting to establish these agreements can lead to internal disputes, legal issues, and even the potential dissolution of the corporation. Hence, it is important to have comprehensive bylaws that outline the corporation’s internal governance, including the roles and responsibilities of directors and officers, procedures for meetings, and voting rights, among other things.

Additionally, a thorough shareholder agreement should be drafted to address issues like the transfer of shares, dispute resolution mechanisms, and the roles and responsibilities of shareholders.

Given the importance of these documents, it is advisable to seek legal counsel to draft these agreements to accurately represent the corporation’s interests and maintain harmony among all parties involved.


Incorporating a business in Ontario involves navigating a complex array of legal, financial, and managerial tasks. However, understanding the common mistakes can help entrepreneurs streamline this process.

Implementing these strategies ensures compliance with the law and saves time, effort, and money that could be wasted in rectifying these errors later. It’s essential to remember the value of seeking professional and legal advice when needed to successfully incorporate your business in Ontario.

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